Table of Contents

vcpkg_list

The latest version of this document lives in the vcpkg repo.

A replacement for CMake's list() function, which correctly handles elements with internal semicolons (in other words, escaped semicolons). Use vcpkg_list() instead of list() whenever possible.

vcpkg_list(SET <out-var> [<element>...])
vcpkg_list(<COMMAND> <list-var> [<other-arguments>...])

In addition to all of the commands from list(), vcpkg_list adds a vcpkg_list(SET) command. This command takes its arguments, escapes them, and then concatenates them into a list; this should be used instead of set() for setting any list variable.

Otherwise, the vcpkg_list() function is the same as the built-in list() function, with the following restrictions:

See the CMake documentation for list() for more information.

Notes: Some Weirdnesses

The most major weirdness is due to "" pulling double-duty as "list of zero elements", and "list of one element, which is empty". vcpkg_list always uses the former understanding. This can cause weird behavior, for example:

set(lst "")
vcpkg_list(APPEND lst "" "")
# lst = ";"

This is because you're appending two elements to the empty list. One very weird behavior that comes out of this would be:

set(lst "")
vcpkg_list(APPEND lst "")
# lst = ""

since "" is the empty list, we append the empty element and end up with a list of one element, which is empty. This does not happen for non-empty lists; for example:

set(lst "a")
vcpkg_list(APPEND lst "")
# lst = "a;"

only the empty list has this odd behavior.

Examples

Creating a list

vcpkg_list(SET foo_param)
if(DEFINED arg_FOO)
    vcpkg_list(SET foo_param FOO "${arg_FOO}")
endif()

Appending to a list

set(OPTIONS -DFOO=BAR)
if(VCPKG_TARGET_IS_WINDOWS)
    vcpkg_list(APPEND OPTIONS "-DOS=WINDOWS;FOO")
endif()

Popping the end off a list

if(NOT list STREQUAL "")
    vcpkg_list(GET list end -1)
    vcpkg_list(POP_BACK list)
endif()

Source

scripts/cmake/vcpkg_list.cmake